Friday, November 27, 2015

best food

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Which is the best food? Some say rice is the best food. About half of the population of the world are dependent on rice grain for energy. Principal constituent of rice is carbohydrate which is the principal source of energy of the most of the Asian people. It contains about 5% protein.
The rice satisfies our hunger very efficiently as well as it is bulky to our intestine too which eliminates air from our alimentary canal. Its intake also makes us feel we are satisfied since it fills every corner of our stomach very efficiently. So people say rice is the best food in the world. Some say brown rice is the best food. Some say white rice is the best food.
For me, rice with pulse and green vegetable is the best food meal. It is because I have eaten the meal since I was young. I am habituated in the meal. So the rice is the best food. After long duration traveling, I extremely desire to take rice with pulse and cooked vegetables or leafy vegetables. When I complete taking the meal, I feel extreme satisfaction. So, I say rice is the best food.
Japanese people too like rice. So I say rice is the best food for Japanese people. Majority Japanese people like rice very much. They eat rice in the time of breakfast, lunch and dinner. They say breakfast "Asa Gohan". In Japanese language, 'Asa' is meant for 'morning' and Gohan is meant for cooked rice grains which is prepared cooking rice grains with water in rice cooker. Sometimes in party, they take Japanese drink with rice ball after the rice grains are cooked. Generally, rice is eaten at least three times in a day in Japan. So I say rice is the best food in Japan.
They make Sweets which they call "Okhasi" in their language as the Japanese sweets. Japanese sweets are generally made from the cooked rice grains. Japanese traditional alcoholic drinks are also made from the rice grains. They call the alcoholic drink 'Sake' or 'Osake'. Osake is made from central region of the rice grains. So rice is a versatile and best food item in Japan.
Majority of Japanese farmers generally prefer growing rice in their farms although growing other crops such as strawberry are more profitable than growing rice. For example; growing strawberry in their field gives more returns than the returns from the rice crop. It is traditional way of livelihood which majority of Japanese farmers do not want to stop. Although Japan is the most industrial country in the world, most of the farmers like to grow traditional crop: rice in their farms in Japan. From these views, I like to say that rice is the best food in Japan.
Japanese scientists have been vigorously working in many different fields of the rice crop science than any other country crop scientists in the world. They have allocated more funds in the rice research than any other crop. So, I say rice is the best food crop in Japan.
In Indonesia, rice crop is the principle crop of farming system of the country. Although farmers know shrimp cultivation can give them three times more return than rice crop, the majority of Indonesian farmers could not stop growing rice to raise shrimp in their farmland.If they leave cultivating rice in their farmland, then Indonesia has to import rice grain in high price to feed its people since rice is the principal staple food of Indonesia. So, I can write here rice is the best food in Indonesia.
Let us discuss about some other foods too. Some say Chapati made from wheat flour is the best food. Some say bread made from wheat flour is the best food in the world. They say that the Chapati made from wheat flour is full of fiber, rich in calories and body building molecules "protein." So they say Chapati is one of the best foods.
I furthermore admire the beauty of the Chapati made from bread wheat. Its intake in the meal slowly releases calories to our blood, brain and body. Sudden glucose swing from the meal is not good, but slow and steady glucose level in the blood from the intake of the meal of the Chapati forces me to say that Chapati made from wheat flour is one of the best foods in India.
The wheat flour has some more variety of proteins than rice and it constitutes about 10% protein quantity in contrast to the 5% protein of the rice grains. Thus protein content of wheat flour is two times more than rice protein amount. Some say fried rice is the best food in the world. The wheat flour is cheaper but of higher quality than rice. Generally, people in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh eat the Chapati. So, they say Chapati is the best food in South Asia.
Some say bread made from whole wheat flour is the best food. There are a variety of breads. Sliced bread is one of the most popular food items among most of European and North American people. Some like biscuits. Some say pancake made from wheat flour is the best food. Some say pizza which is made from the wheat flour is the best food.
Some say milk is the best food in the world with respect to the availability of minerals, calories, protein and vitamins. Some people think it is complete food. But, I don't think it is complete food. Taking milk alone we cannot be comfortable since it is rich in saturated fats. The saturated fats present in the milk are not so good, but the plant origin unsaturated oils is much healthier.
And the carbohydrate in the form of lactose in the milk is not enough to fulfill the calorie requirement of the adult people. Brain requires unsaturated fats for its development as well as functioning. So, I say the milk is not the complete diet and it is not best food in the world. Now, health conscious people in Finland started talking with a slogan, "Leave Diary, Start Berry."
Some say pulse soup is the best food. Mungbean is rich in carbohydrates and protein. But; still, mungbean is popular in protein content. It contains protein which is about four times more than the protein amount of rice and two times more than that of protein content of wheat flour. In other words, the mungbean contains about 20% protein. There is a variety of the mungbean. One of its kinds is green mungbean.
The soup made from half cut husk rich mungbean is recommended to healthy to sick people, from babies to old age people. Typhoid patients can drink the green mungbean soup very safely. The intake of the mungbean soup does not cause flatulence. Soup made from the green mungbean is the best food with respect to absence of saturated fats. That is why mungbean is said as one of the best foods.
Some say maize chapatti is the best food. When I was very young, it is about 4 to 7 years; my grandmother used to make thick Chapati from corn flour on a iron pan with simmering flame of firewood. Then she used to feed me. I remember that she wanted to include diversified food items to make us satisfied. The fresh meal kinds made from corn flour is rich in carbohydrates, protein and fats. The corn is packed with enough energy and brain food nutrients. I think foods made from the corn are some of the best foods.
Some say fish is the best food. Some say chicken is the best food. Some say chevon is the best food in the world. Some say meat of ostrich is the best food in the world. Some say beef is the best food in the world.
Some say Momo “love ball” is the best food in the world. Some say green vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli, and tomato are the best food. Some say onion and garlic mixed vegetable dish are the best foods in the world.
Some say fish is the another best food item. Some people consider filter coffee is the best food between the two drinks: green tea and coffee. Some say green tea is the best drink. Some say coffee is the best food. Green tea is recommended to the hypertensive people, but coffee is recommended to hypotensive people. I too think in this way. Some say Matcha is the best food. Please remember Matcha is a special preparation of the green tea which I also think as the best food if we compare it with coffee, coca, coffee, ordinary tea and green tea.
Fruits like mango, black grapes, and apple are also some of the best foods. Berries such as acai berry are some of the best foods. Some people are allergic to some fruits. Asthmatic patients should avoid banana. But, banana is one of the best foods for majority of people in tropical and subtropical countries.
Most of the children in the world like chocolate. When they are asked, "What is the best food?" They mostly answer, "Chocolate is the best food. " Mostly chocolate is made mixing cocoa, sugar, milk ingredients. Food rich in sugar is not so good for the teeth health. I also advice to the children of the world, "Please don't take chocolate." Accordingly, I too state chocolate is not the best food.
By the way, cocoa is brain food. So, it is considered one of the best food items. But cocoa formulated in the form of chocolate is not so good. If cocoa is formulated with dairy product such as butter or milk and sugar is not best absorbed through the human intestine of ours. So, it is not considered the best food.
Dairy fat is saturated animal fat, so its continuous intake is not so good to the body of all age people. Sugar like sweetening substance is not so beneficial to teeth health, diabetic and hypertensive people. The cocoa with soybean milk and stevia sweetening substance is best recommended one of the best foods in the world.
Some people like alcoholic drinks. So they say alcoholic drinks are some of the best foods. Some like non-alcoholic drinks. So they say non alcoholic drink such as lemonade, coconut water are some of the best foods. Some say brandy is the best food. Some say whiskey is the best food. Some say wine is one of the best foods. Some say orange fruit juice is the best food. Some say grape juice is the best food. Best food varies from person to person and state to state.
Some say Lassi drink is one of the best foods. By the way, Lassi is made from yoghurt mixing with small cardamon powder, rose water, ice, and sugar. It is generally drunken in hot summer days in India. Majority people feel special satisfaction drinking Lassi in summer days. So, I too say Lassi is one of the best food substance in hot days in tropical climatic countries.
Every country and continent people have their own staple food. People in high altitude Himalaya do have potato as the staple food. Low mountain people in Nepal have maize as the best food.
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Organic coffee in Nepal: Organic Coffee of Arabica kind in Nepal

This is the page of the "Organic coffee in Nepal: Organic Coffee of Arabica kind in Nepal". You are welcome at the page of the Organic coffee in Nepal: Organic Coffee of Arabica kind in Nepal.

History of organic coffee in Nepal 

It has been recorded that Hira Giri introduced coffee growing in 1938. Nepalese farmers have got coffee planting materials (saplings) from government level since 1975 AD. National Tea and Coffee Board was established in the year of 1992 AD. Then, the process of growing organic coffee in Nepal took a somewhat greater and significant speed. About 21000 farmers have been involved in growing organic coffee in Nepal in 40 districts up to the year of 2010.The following coffee experts from the USA, EL Salvador, Central America and India arrived Nepal to orient about growing and processing organic coffee in Nepal

Central America Coffee Roastmaster: Pawel Catjef
EL Salvador: Coffee Expert: Morisiyo Salinash and Huang Geraro
US Coffee Roasting expert: Pawel Anderson
Indian Coffee Board: Coffee Expert: Dr. Shankara Reddy
Start of export of organic coffee from Nepal

Salt Trading Corporation of Nepal exported 16 mt of organic coffee to the Netherland in the Fiscal Year 1995-96. Thereafter; every year export of the organic coffee has been growing in Nepal. In the process of export of organic coffee from Nepal; Japan, the USA, Korea, Dubai and some European countries have been importing organic coffee from Nepal. In the year of 2011, the UK has imported organic coffee of Arabica kind from Nepal. Multinational companies of coffee have been selling robust as well as Arabica coffee throughout the world. But; according to the coffee gourmets and scientifically verified information is that fresh Arabica filter coffee is one of the best brain foods in the world. 

Demand of organic coffee in Nepal: Import of Arabica organic coffee from Nepal
Since organic coffee of Arabica has been popularly demanded from Nepal, Nepalese farmers have also been working vigorously in growing organic coffee of Arabica kind in Nepal. Organic coffee growing area in Nepal starts from 800 meter from sea level. Nepal organic coffee of the mountain is better. Organic coffee grown in shades is also better. Growing organic coffee in well decomposed cow dung and some oilseed cake manure with no use of chemicals and pesticides is better and highly demanded in the USA, Europe, Japan, Korea, Dubai and other countries. So, farmers have been involved in growing organic coffee in Nepal in the land of in shade, mountain region using organic manure but without the application of deadly poisonous pesticides.

Processing units of organic coffee in Nepal
Some processing units are being established to process organic coffee in Nepal in some districts. Palpa, Bhaktapur, Gulmi, Nuwakot, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Kirtipur are already having organic coffee processing units. Gulmi, Arghkhanchi, Palpa, Shyngja, Karki, Kavre, Baglung, Jhapa are the districts of Nepal where farmers are growing organic coffee of Arabica kind in Nepal.  

National production of Organic Coffee in Nepal
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Fiscal Year Production Export
2006-07 117 mt 91mt
2007-08 202mt 112mt
2008-09 199mt 127mt
2009-10 267mt 112mt
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Source: Tea Coffee Smarika, Magazine 2067 (2010) National Tea and Coffee Development Board,¸Kathmandu Nepal. It is in Nepalese language.
Thank you very much for the visit at the page of the "Organic coffee in Nepal: Organic Coffee of Arabica kind in Nepal."
]]> - <![CDATA[Since organic coffee of Arabica has been popularly demanded from Nepal, Nepalese farmers have also been working vigorously in growing organic coffee of Arabica kind in Nepal. Organic coffee growing area in Nepal starts from 800 meter from sea level. Nepal organic coffee of the mountain is better. Organic coffee grown in shades is also better.


potato in Nepal, Hunger in the mountain of Nepal: Acknowledgement to Mr Girish Giri: Research to Nepal Agricultural Research Council.

I gave the name of the article as the potato in Nepal, Hunger in the mountain of Nepal: Acknowledgement to Mr Girish Giri: Research to Nepal Agricultural Research Council. I have written the article “Potato in Nepal, Hunger in the mountain of Nepal: Acknowledgement to Mr. Girish Giri” in reference to the article published by Mr. Girish Giri in Nagarik on April 4, 2011. I read the article of “next aspect of potato” published in daily newspaper “Nagarik” on the day of April 4, 2011 in Nepal which was authored by Girish Giri (Mr.).

I knew bumper harvest of potato in Rukum in the year of 2011 but sad news of very poor sale of the potato harvest in Rukum. As the result, the people in Rukum did not have money to buy rice grains for their daily consumption. In parallel, the potato harvest started decaying. Food Corporation of Nepal (NFC) has used to haul the rice grains and sell in the region of the mountains of Nepal. Likewise, NFC started selling rice grains, but farmers are not coming to buy the grains.


One day we will hear grains went waste because of damage in the store. Our money again goes to throw the garbage of the rice grain. In such situation, why don’t we think and execute to make the potato as staple food in the region? Why don’t we demonstrate them that we can make the potato harvest for staple food in the mountains of Nepal if the farmers are producing it in the region?

The potato can also be grown almost everywhere in Nepal including the far western mountain of Nepal and can be stored in the region. In the spring of 2011 in the far western mountain region of Nepal, there was heavy hailstone and storm. The hailstone and storm damaged the crop of wheat in the March of 2011. Once upon a time, the potato was used as a staple food in Ireland and England. Pandemic attack of late blight pathogen: Phytopthora infestans caused the famine in Ireland once upon a time. From the statement, we can know the potato was a staple food in Ireland once upon a time. 

Similarly, people in the mountain of Nepal can make potato as the staple food. For it, we have to demonstrate the potato recipe and potato dish to make it staple food. Some use potato as necessary vegetable, some use potato as French fries, some consume potato in the form of vodka in the world.

The farmers and potato businessmen in the UK have been applying efforts on the production, breeding and consumption of potato and applying special efforts to maintain potato as the food for five days in a week. Popular magazine the Economist has given presented potato fourth rank to potato after maize, wheat and rice among the people of the world. 

Potato should be included in the list of staple food instead of vegetable although the potato contains enough minerals and vitamins whereas the cereals grains wheat and rice do not contain enough minerals and vitamins.
Nepal Agricultural Research Council and FM radios have to work in the research and extension of the potato use as the staple food. Potato is high glycemic index food. Diabetes and hypertensive people are afraid to consume the high glycemic index food including potato. 

So, potato researches should be oriented to make the potato dish for low glycemic index so that hypertensive and diabetic people should not be afraid to consume the potato as the staple food.
Thank you for the visit at the page of the "Potato in Nepal: Hunger in the mountains of Nepal: Acknowledgement to Girish Giri: Research to Nepal Agricultural Research Council: Nagarik: April 4, 2011". 



Tomato in Nepal: Hairloom tomato in Nepal: Heritage Tomato in Nepal: Lapsi Gede

This is the page of "Tomato in Nepal: Hairloom tomato in Nepal: Heritage Tomato in Nepal: Lapsi Gede" where you are welcome. 

Lapsi Gede can be an ornamental as well as commercial tomato variety
Because of indeterminate growth habit and fruit clusters of the tomato variety: Lapsi Gede (LG), the tomato variety can be an excellent ornamental tomato variety too. Since the tomato plant is an annual herb, it completes its growth and seed production in a year.
Nepal has some genetic resources of tomato. Some are tolerant to heat stress found in southern plain belt of Nepal and some are tolerant to cold stress found in hill of Nepal. Nepalese breeders are very interested to work in the breeding of tomato tolerant to heat and cold stress.

Lapsi Gede: Hairloom Tomato or Heritage tomato in Nepal

In the district of Dhading of Nepal, farmers have been growing heat tolerant landrace of tomato in Nepal. It is Lapsi Gede. It is one of hairloom varieties of tomato in Nepal or Hairloom tomato in Nepal. We can say tomato landrace as the Heritage tomato in Nepal.

The Hairloom Tomato in Nepal is reservoir of useful genes

If the temperature, soil moisture and soil nutrients are enough in the soils, the tomato plants of Lapsi Gede can grow and produce tomato fruits up to one year. In the one year, the tomato plants die. Even If the tomato plants of the tomato variety: LG die because of chilling injury; when the favorable temperature comes and soils have enough nutrients and moisture, the shoot again regenerate foliage from the drying shoot.

Commercial scale production of Hairloom tomato in Nepal

If proper nitrogen level is available, high carbon/ nitrogen ratio is in the plant system; the tomato plants produce health fruit clusters and supply nutritious and delicious tomato fruits. Besides, Nepalese farmers have been growing the tomato variety in large commercial scale for sale as well as for home consumption (Adhikari 2009).

(Adhikari, Nav Raj. (2009 A). Characterization and selection of high yielding stress tolerant and disease resistant varieties of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller). Tomato Research J (2), p: 1-28.)
Thanks for visiting to the page of the "Tomato in Nepal: Hairloom tomato in Nepal: Heritage Tomato in Nepal: Lapsi Gede."
Email: navraj.adhikari@gmail.com

green tea in Nepal: Organic green tea in Nepal


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Start of producing organic green tea in Nepal

Nepalese farmers are growing a horticultural crop of tea in eastern mountain region for exporting processed leaves of the green tea from Nepal. Nowadays; awareness of growing organic tea in Nepal is growing because of the growing international demand of the organic green tea, green tea growing farmers in the mountain region of eastern Nepal have already started without using harmful insecticide . They are growing organic green tea applying organic manure to their green tea farms to produce organic leaves of green tea in Nepal. It is because they get higher price for it as well as growing demand of the organic product: the leaves of the green tea in Nepal.

Organic green tea in Nepal made from Camelia sinensis

Growing green tea belongs to growing plant species: Camellia sinensis and processing the tea leaves without fermentation. The drink made from the green tea is wonderful drink in the world. Our great grand parents and fore parents identified and confirmed the green tea as one of the best food items in the world.
So if you are interested in drinking green tea in Nepal, it means the taking drink made adding the processed young green tea leaves of the plant species: Camellia sinensis into the freshly boiled drinking water and waiting till the leaves releases its extract to the boiled water. It can be recognized looking the color of the green tea water and smelling it.

Quality organic green tea in Nepal

The high quality crop of the tea is generally produced in the temperate region in the globe. In high altitude, growing of the tea plant is possible for making green tea leaves. Nepal is also one of the important country growing the tea plants, processing the leaves to make the green tea and exporting.
Some herb processing people are formulating herb mixture in the name of herbal tea to sell in the local market in Nepal. In fact, they are not herbal tea; they are just herb mixture in the name of herbal tea. They are made from the plant parts of some local herbal plant species. The herbal mixture does not contain green tea leaves. Herbal extract in the name of herbal tea might have health benefits; but, they are not the real green tea. The Green tea in Nepal is real green tea.
Nepalese farmers in eastern hill and mountain region have been growing tea. The processing factory of the green tea leaves have been processing to make green tea in the places of Kanchanjunga and Fikkal. Green tea leaves produced in high hill and mountain of Nepal are of high quality and highly demanded in the world.

Drinking Milk tea and organic green tea in Nepal

Very few people are interested in drinking green tea in Nepal. Most of the people have been used to drinking milk tea which is made mixing milk, sugar, fermented tea leaf granules, and some spices. The spices include small cardamom, ginger, black pepper, leaves and bark of Cinamom tree species. Any one of the spices I have mentioned here is mixed before boiling the mixture to flavor the milk tea. The flavoring herb really makes the blending of the milk tea with aroma and flavor. The flavor makes the tea pleasant for drinking. The milk tea effect remains for about one hour. But, the beneficial effects of the green tea remain at least five hours. There is long term benefits too of taking green tea drink. Its indirect long term beneficial benefits last for about a week.

green tea: Green tea Group: Green tea Forum


It is the page of the "green tea: Green tea Group: Green tea Forum: Green tea Discussion Group Forum" where the author welcomes you. Below the page of the green tea forum enlists some facts of the green tea. 

Botanical name of the green tea plant species is called Camellia sinensis. Young leaves are harvested and processed to make the green tea. What are advantages of the taking the green tea drink is a common question. There are many advantages in the green tea drink. Drinking the green tea benefits us a lot.

I have written some benefits of the green tea in the page of knee pain, shoulder pain, body pain, fresh mood, overcome laziness, sharpen intelligence too. The green tea has also wonderful medicinal values such as of aphrodisiac nature and strong stimulant for high mental spirit.

In brief, green tea forum conveys messages that taking green tea drink enhances the normal physiology of each cells, tissues, muscle, organ, system and body and minimizes the side effects of some harmful bio-chemicals that come through our food and biochemical reactions. Intake of the green tea drink enhances the physiology of mitochondria as well as protein synthesis in the human body cells.

There are mitochondria in every cells in our body. If we talk about the mitochondria of human brain cells, the intake of the green tea drink enhances respiration physiology of the mitochondria of the brain cells. Because of this, you can think better, you can understand better and you can work continuously without fatigue. If you talk about the mitochondria of all the body cells including bicep and triceps muscle of your arms, intake of the green tea drink eliminates the fatigue while you work physically. You can work longer physically and intelligently. It is written on the page of the green tea forum from my experience.

The page of the green tea forum informs people that drinking the green tea benefits lowering the risk of cancer in our body system, many researches have shown it. Drinking green tea benefits lowering the harmful cholesterol: low density lipoprotein and increasing beneficial high density lipoproteins, some researches have indicated it.

The page of the green tea forum also enlists some facts of green tea that the green tea leaves have a biochemical substance: catechins. The green tea catechin is polyphenol. The catechin polyphenol is epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The green tea catechin is powerful antioxidant. Although the fresh green tea leaves contains nitrogen, protein, carbohydrate, fibers, vitamins and minerals; the processed green tea is popular drink for the catechins since it contains about 30% catechins in the processed dry tea leaves: the green tea.

The page of the green tea forum also adds some more facts about green tea. The processed green tea leaves contain about 30% enough excellent quality antioxidants which destroys the harful free radicals (oxidants) which forms during the biochemical physiological phenomena and some comes through the foods we eat. Thus, the green tea leaf antioxidants prevent damage of the hereditary materils in each human body cells. In essence, intake of the drink of green tea leaves also works an excellant anti-aging bio-substances.

Some say, “I don’t like green tea.” Some say, "No! No! I don’t drink green tea at all." Please don’t drink green tea in the empty stomach. After some cereal based breakfast or meal or lunch, the green tea drink can be taken. Two to four cups of green tea is good. Early in the morning you can take other non-alcoholic drink like coffee or fruit juice drink. Hypertensive people can drink a cup of coffee. They can also drink two cups of the coffee if the prepared coffee drink is not so strong.

Who can take the green tea drink? Who cannot take the green tea drink? There is no valid scientific research finding about the spectrum of the green tea drinkers. In my experience, pregnant women and children are better advised not to take green tea drink. Some have experienced that they cannot take the green tea drink since its intake caused them restless. In other words; after taking the green tea drink, they could not sleep well. In such condition, they are still advised to take a cup of the mild green tea drink just after breakfast or lunch. After 12.01 PM, they better not take the green tea drink. If they still experience restless in one cup of the green tea drink, I advice them to stop taking the green tea drink. Most of the adult men and women can take the green tea drink.

How do people make green tea drink? This is also an important question. The page of the green tea forum have mentioned a procedure to make the green tea drink.

a) Boil clean drinking water. b) Pour the boiled water into a ceramic tea pot c) Add some leaves of the green tea. And put the lid to close the teapot. d) After five minutes, the green tea drink becomes ready. Serve the green tea drink.

This is common practice of making the green tea drink. Japanese people also adopt this method to make the green tea drink. The green tea gourmets like to take the green tea drink adopting the above mentioned method 1.

If we don’t have teapot, no problem! Put a pot onto the stove with drinking water. And start heating. When the water starts boiling, you better switch off the stove. After it, you can add the leaves of the green tea into the water of the same pot where you boiled. Don’t forget to cover the pot with a plate. But, people of Himalaya Mountain region in Asia like Sherpa, Gurung, Tamang, Rai people and Tibetans make the green tea drink somewhat differently.

a) They put water into the teapot and then add leaves of the green tea and some butter (ghee) into the water. Close the pot with its lid. b) They boil the mixture for a few minutes more. Then their green tea drink will be ready.

By the way, I want to add some information here. We have seen and heard many highway accidents in different countries in the world. Truck pilots and bus pilots after a long driving become tired physically and mentally. The tiredness will likely to cause highway accidents. So to regenerate and maintain the freshness in the mind as well as in the body muscle, the truck pilots and bus pilots are better advised to take green tea drink instead of strong coffee drink.

Government of every countries have to make their truck pilots and bus pilots very aware of the fact. Coffee drink can also develop freshness; but, the pilots just stay in their seats and drive continuously for long time, they do not get enough physical exercise. As the result, the pilots are likely to suffer from hypertension and diabetis.

Green tea forum mentions about the time of taking the green tea:

Time of taking green tea drink varies from person to person since every body has his own hereditary make up. You can take green tea drink before you start breakfast or after you take breakfast. You can also take the green tea drink before you start taking lunch or after taking the lunch. You can also take the green tea drink two hours after the lunch or breakfast. Five hours after we take the green tea drink, we can again take green tea drink. We should avoid taking the green tea drink at bed time. If we want to take the green tea drink at bed time, we better take about half cup of the green tea drink.

Amount of green tea drink:

An adult person can take two cups of the green tea drink at a time. The two cups of the green tea drink is an excellent amount for a time for the adult men and adult women. Children and Pregnant are better advised not to take the green tea drink. In my view, children can take after 14 years or older can take a little bit ( a cup of ) organic filter coffee.

Weight loss people can lower their body weight through taking the green tea drink:

People of overweight can in most cases lower their excessive body weight by drinking the cups of the green tea drink in breakfast time or earlier to the time. The process of losing the excessive body weight is slow, but it is the best way for losing the body weight of men and women.
By the way, I have explained about the use of green tea drink in some more pages in the website. If you are interested to know them, please search using the keywords 'aahuuu green tea' through the Google Search Engine, you will find them. Thereafter you can know some of them one by one. Thanks for the interest to know them through the website.

Whether any one is a college student or a worker, whether the person is involved in white collar job or gray collar job, the person needs freshness in the mind as well as in the body. For it, green tea is the best drink in my view.

Thanking to the visitors for the visit to the page of the green tea forum:

Thank you very much for the visit to the page of the "Green tea: Green tea Group: Green tea Forum: Green tea Discussion Group Forum."



Stevia Forum, or Stevia group, or super sweet plant species

This is the page of Stevia Forum, or Stevia group, or super sweet plant species. You can use it as a Stevia Group or Stevia rebaudiana Discussion Group or Forum: super sweet plant species, money plant, sugar leaf plant, sweet leaf plant species.. Your valuable and useful message / information are highly welcome in the Stevia Forum.

Thursday, November 5, 2015

Discovery of Diversity model of leaf sectors on Maize leaf




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Discovery of Diversity model of leaf sectors on Maize leaf  (Dr NR Adhikari et al., 2015 proposed it.)


Discovery of NARC: Discovery of PAY: Nitrogen in Antenna and Reaction Center: Protein amount and its effects on grain Yield

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To study the models, go through the following page:

 NARC and PAY

Discovery of Green car: Discovery of No car no food model

Discovery of RATA Makai: Red light absorbance-transmittance through antenna: Discovery of Photosynthesis models

You are welcome on the page "Discovery of Photosynthesis models: Discovery of Photosynthesis models: Discovery of RATA Makai: Red light absorbance-transmittance through antenna: RATA Makai".


 Image for RATA Makai, Nav Raj Adhikari, PhD proposed RATA Makai, Green car, No car No food,

There are three kinds of antenna pigment complexes to increase dry matter or grain yield in crops. They are functional, semi-functional and least functional antenna. Functional antenna harvest red photons efficiently and funnels the photons efficiently in the form of excitation energy through resonance to reaction center in thylakoid.  Least functional antenna harvest least red photos and transfers excitation energy to the reaction center with excessive non-photochemical quenching. Intermediate efficiency performing antenna is semi-functional antenna.

Functionality of the antenna has been measured through a measure of ratio of red light absorbance-transmittance through the antenna pigments. Wave length of the red light was of 650 nm which is absorbed by antenna pigments too in addition to  photo system II (PS II) core pigments. The photons absorbed by the antenna pigments migrates to the next pigment complex and finally reach close reaction center (RC) in the form of excitation energy. How efficiently the red photons of red light of 650 nm are absorbed by the antenna, how efficiently the excitation energy passes from the antenna pigments to close RC are measured through the ratio of red light absorbance through antenna to the red light transmittance through the leaf tissue.

The frequency of antenna pigments in the form of frequency of leaf sectors or number of RAT observations out of 1500 observations in different range of the the RAT measures are analyzed using correlation coefficients (r) with grain yield of each of five maize hybrids. Strong positive r producing antenna are functional, strong negative r producing antenna is least functional and very weak negative and weak positive r producing antenna is semi-functional.  So, the model of RATA Makai (red light absorbance-transmittance through antenna) has been proposed by Adhikari et al. (2015). Besides, Makai is the Nepalese vernacular name for 'maize' or 'corn' which is associated to RATA since it is first time discovered in the crop of maize, in the country of Nepal and by the scientists of Nepal. 


To study the model in detail, please go through the following page:

Discovery of RATA Makai    

Discovery of Green car: Discovery of No car-No food model:

NARC and PAY

Discovery of Diversity model of leaf sectors on Maize leaf